Clean Water Act

The Clean Water Act is a set of laws passed in 1972 to regulate water pollution in the U.S. This act was the first-ever federal regulation of water pollution, and it gave the Environment Protection Agency (EPA) the right to set standards and enforce them. The goal of this act was to completely stop the discharge of pollutants into waters throughout the United States and to make all bodies of water in the U.S. fishable and swimmable. Achieving this goal is very difficult and expensive, namely because officials frequently struggle to identify the source of pollution.