Food, Water and Energy Nexus - Key Reports


The American Council for an Energy Efficient Economy's "Roadmap to Energy in the Water and Wastewater Industry" report compiles expert opinions on opportunities for energy efficiency in municipal water and wastewater.

Circle of Blue's Choke Point U.S. series explores how energy demand is confronting water scarcity.

The Congressional Research Service's "Energy Use in Agriculture: Background and Issues" report provides baseline information on energy use by the U.S. agricultural sector and touches upon emerging issues and related legislation.

The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations' report "Energy Use in Organic Food Systems" analyzed energy use in organic agriculture, in comparison with conventional agriculture, and found that organic agriculture uses less fossil fuel-based inputs and has a smaller carbon footprint than standard agricultural practices.

The International Institute for Sustainable Development's "The Water-Energy-Food Security Nexus: Towards a Practical Planning and Decision-support Framework for Landscape Investment and Risk Management" provides a solid overview of the various nexus conceptual frameworks and offers their vision of how to operationalize - or put into effect - a balanced nexus approach to sustainable development.

The Natural Resources Defense Council's issue paper, "Wasted: How America Is Losing Up to 40 Percent of Its Food from Farm to Fork to Landfill" reveals how Americans are throwing out the equivalent of $165 billion worth of food each year, along with 25 percent of all freshwater and huge amounts of unnecessary chemicals, energy, and land.

Stanford University's Water in the West program's "Water-Energy Nexus: A Literature Review" provides readers with an overview and analysis of the policy, scientific and technical research on the connections between water and energy.

Stockholm Environment Institute's "Understanding the Nexus" background paper for the Bonn2011Conference on the Water, Energy and Food Security Nexus explains the nexus and presents initial evidence for how a nexus approach can enhance water, energy and food security.

The Union of Concerned Scientists has produced a series of recent reports through its "Energy and Water in a Warming World Initiative" to help decision-makers understand what a low-carbon, water-smart electricity future looks like and how to make decisions today that move the country down that path.

The University of Pennsylvania's Wharton School and the Institute for Global Environmental Leadership hosted the 2013 "Nexus of Food, Water and Energy" workshop. The event's follow-up report provides an overview of what corporate leaders view as best models and tools needed for future research, potential policy impact and future potential business opportunities.

The US Department of Energy's Sandia National Laboratories 2006 report, "Energy Demands on Water Resources Report to Congress on the Interdependency of Energy and Water," reviews the "threats to national energy production resulting from limited water supplies."

Also from the Sandia National Laboratories are numerous regional presentations and reports from the 2005-2006 Energy-Water Roadmap Regional Needs Assessment workshops.

The USGS "Estimated Use of Water in the United States in 2005" report is the best source for estimates of water use in the U.S. by power plants, irrigation, livestock, public water supplies and other categories.

The World Economic Forum's "Water Security: The Water-Food-Energy-Climate Security Nexus" report documents how water is linked to economic growth across a nexus of issues and to make clear the water security challenge we face if a business as usual approach to water management is maintained.

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